LST-491 Class Tank Landing Ship:
- Laid down, 3 September 1943, at Missouri Valley Bridge and Iron Co., Evansville, IN.
- Launched, 5 November 1943
- Commissioned USS LST-499, 10 January 1944
- During World War II USS LST-499 was assigned to the Europe-Africa-Middle East Theater and participated in the Invasion of Normandy, June 1944
- Sunk as a result of enemy action, 8 June 1944
- Struck from the Naval Register, 22 August 1944
- USS LST-499 earned one battle star for World War II service
Specifications: (as reported by Office of Naval Intelligence-1945) Displacement 1,625 t.(lt), 4,080 t.(fl) (sea-going draft w/1675 ton load); Length 328′ o.a.; Beam 50′; Draft (light) – 2′ 4″ fwd, 7′ 6″ aft, (sea-going) 8′ 3″ fwd, 14′ 1″ aft, (landing) 3′ 11″ fwd, 9′ 10″ aft (landing w/500 ton load); Speed 12 kts. (maximum); Endurance 24,000 miles @ 9kts. while displacing 3960 tons; Complement seven officers, one hundred and four enlisted; Troop Accommodations sixteen officers, one hundred and forty seven enlisted; Boats two LCVP; Cargo Capacity (varied with mission – payloads between 1600 and 1900 tons) Typical loads: One Landing Craft Tank (LCT), tanks, wheeled and tracked vehicles, artillery, construction equipment and military supplies. A ramp or elevator forward allowed vehicles access to tank deck from main deck. Additional capacity included sectional pontoons carried on each side of vessel amidships, to either build Rhino Barges or use as causeways. Married to the bow ramp, the causeways would enabled payloads to be delivered ashore from deeper water or where a beachhead would not allow the vessel to be grounded forward after ballasting Armament (varied with availability when each vessel was outfitted. Retro-fitting was accomplished throughout WWII. The ultimate armament design for United States vessels was two Twin 40mm gun mounts w/Mk.51 directors, four – Single 40 gun mounts and twelve single 20mm gun mounts; Propulsion two General Motors 12-567, 900hp diesel engines, two shafts, twin rudders.
Data courtesy of NavSource Naval History.